After two decades of civil war and ongoing conflicts, vulnerable populations throughout the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) have continually been pushed off their traditional agricultural land and forced to seek out their livelihood through other
means such as artisanal mining. It is estimated that between 500,000 and 2 million people work informally in the artisanal and small-scale mines of the DRC. Workers in these mines suffer a variety of labor and social problems, but recently the
question of human rights abuses, specifically sexual violence, has been widely reported by international media and non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
Female are the most affected.